The sight is one of our most precious senses and its organs, the eyes, deserve a special care. We offer you the best tips to keep it in top condition for many years.1.When was the last time you went to the ophthalmologist?
If it’s been a few years, you probably need one right away. It is advisable to perform the first examination before age three to rule out refractive errors that may cause amblyopia or vagus eye, strabismus and different childhood or hereditary pathologies. Subsequently, the recommended is:
A review at age 20,
Two reviews in the 1930s,
A review every two or three years in the 1940s
And every year or two years after 65.
Remember that early diagnosis of serious eye diseases such as glaucoma or macular degeneration can be effectively treated if detected early.
2.Protect your eyes from the sun.
The sun is a vital factor for your health, especially for the formation of vitamin D. However, it is also the most harmful external factor for your eyes. The sun causes allergic reactions to the ocular surface, keratitis in the cornea and is shown to contribute to the development of cataracts and senile macular degeneration, among other diseases. Therefore, one of the best things you can do to preserve your healthy eyes is to wear sunglasses that have 100% ultraviolet protection. Use them whenever you are outdoors and not only in summer, but especially in outdoor sports.
3.Special care if you wear contact lenses.
No doubt, they are a great help for vision, but contact lenses should be used responsibly and always having a pair of correctly graded glasses to alternate their use. This will allow your cornea and conjunctiva to recover from their daily use. On the other hand, hygiene, frequent replacement and correct sterilization of your lenses, as well as its moderate use, will allow you to enjoy for longer and with more health of them.
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4.Lubricated eye, healthier eye.
As we age we may experience dry eye symptoms, especially itching, stinging, foreign body sensation and photophobia with a reddish appearance of it. This is because the tear film has lost its consistency to protect and nourish the cornea and conjunctiva of external and microbial agents. Most of the time it is due to its composition being altered in the percentage of mucus, fat, and water, which leads to evaporation of the tear film leaving the eye unprotected. Some frequent activities of your daily life such as using smartphones, tablets, and computers, driving or just watching TV can make you need the usual use of artificial tears. Also, avoid direct exposure of your eyes to cold air conditioning or heat in any circumstance.
Did you know that smoking increases the risk and accelerates the development of cataracts, senile macular degeneration and damages the macula and optic nerve? Not only is lung cancer an important reason to stop smoking; Your eye health will be greatly benefited.
6.Talk to your family.
Many eye conditions and diseases are hereditary. If, for example, you are diagnosed with glaucoma or other eye diseases, share that information with your parents, uncles, siblings and children, because some of them may be unknowingly affected and, as always in medicine, the sooner it is diagnosed, The better you can be treated by your ophthalmologist.
7.Take care, in general.
We already know that eating healthily, for example, fruits and vegetables instead of processed foods or with excess fats, helps your overall health but especially provides vitamin and minerals that will have a very positive effect on your eye health. Having a healthy lifestyle, such as physical exercise, for example, increases blood circulation in our retina and may decrease intraocular pressure, which specifically helps glaucoma patients. Also, general and regular check-ups can lead to the early detection of diseases such as diabetes, hypertension, rheumatic diseases or other systemic diseases that, if not detected, can lead to severe vision problems and, sometimes, irreversible effects.
If you work in construction, factories with manufactured products or any type of machinery that emits particles or high light intensity, you must wear eye protection goggles that meet the optimal standards of safety and hygiene at work. If you work with computers, read below.
9.Use of screens.
The computers do not produce blindness, but a series of discomforts and discomfort to the vision. One of them is the excess in the time of effort to the vision of near (excess of the accommodation) that can hinder the correct approach, the reason why it is highly recommended the use of the close graduation for a better visual comfort. Another important consequence of prolonged attention is the decrease in blinking, which leads to evaporation of the tear film and therefore, redness and irritation in a sustained manner. If you are a regular user of screens at work, remember that the usual use of artificial tear will make your vision more comfortable.
We know from our ancestors that carrots are good for the eyes because they contain vitamin A that our retina needs, but we should not obsess about it because in our environment it is very difficult to have deficiencies in this vitamin. On the other hand, green leafy vegetables such as kale and spinach as well as blueberries are rich in lutein which, according to some studies, can reverse the symptoms of macular degeneration. It has also been shown that fatty acids such as omega-3 fish and olive oil can help prevent dry eye syndrome and senile macular degeneration.